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Discrete Chapter 11s or the Beach Club Exception to the New Debtor Syndrome: A Good Faith Bad Faith Filing

Discrete Chapter 11s The New Debtor Syndrome DPLIC 28751665.jpg

You may have an identifiable problem that is killing your business or personal finances. The best example of this is owning property which is in foreclosure, or a problem venture with its own identifiable assets and secured creditors. Like a coyote in a trap; you'd bite off your leg to be free of it.

That's one possible bankruptcy strategy. Transferring the problem assets into a new entity which can reorganize in Chapter 11 to solve the problem, while the viable business continues outside of bankruptcy.[1]

This solution presents its own potential problem: "New Debtor Syndrome." However, this problem can be dealt with.

New Debtor Syndrome

Bankruptcy cases must be filed in "good faith." Lack of good faith can be jurisdictional and result in a case's dismissal.[2]

"New Debtor Syndrome" sounds like a Stephen King thriller. It's really a form of "bad faith" Chapter 11 filing.

Indicia of New Debtor Syndrome include:

(1) transfer of distressed property into a newly created corporation;

(2) transfer occurring within a close proximity to the bankruptcy filing;

(3) transfer for no consideration; 

    (4) the debtor has no assets other than the recently transferred property; 

      (5) the debtor has no or minimal unsecured debt; 

        (6) the debtor has no employees and no ongoing business; and 

          (7) the debtor has no means, other than the transferred property, to service the debt on the property.[3]

              Thus, you see the solution's own potential problem.

              Still, there is an important exception to the "New Debtor Syndrome" (the "Exception").

              This is where:

              (1) the property's transferor was in need of bankruptcy relief; and 

              (2) that the secured creditors are not in a worse position because the transferee filed for Chapter 11 relief instead of the transferor.[4] 

                The Prototype

                The Exception is best used where: 

                (a.) The Transferor has a property subject to a foreclosure proceeding.

                  (b.) The Transferor could file for bankruptcy relief. However, the property is a discreet problem for the Transferor and filing for bankruptcy may create larger problems than what exists already; 

                    (c.) Transferring the property to a new entity will enable a faster, less complex, less expensive reorganization.

                      The Exception's factors were first stated in In re Beach Club, Inc.[5] 

                      (1) Was a valuable piece of property with a large equity cushion transferred to the new debtor, in which there is manifestly a very large equity cushion? 

                        (2) Was the liability of the Transferor unaffected by the transfer? and 

                          (3) Was the new entity created for a good business purpose, e.g. preventing the Transferor's destruction? 

                            (a.) The Transferor could file its own Chapter 11 case.

                            (b.) The Creditor can receive adequate protection[6];

                            (c.) A feasible and workable plan of reorganization is possible;

                            (d.) The Transferor is subject to potential liability in the case; and

                            (e.) Other safeguards exist in the court, including the appointment of a trustee.

                            These factors were distilled to: 

                            (1) the Transferor of the property was in need of bankruptcy relief; and 

                              (2) that the secured creditors are not in a worse position because the transferee filed for Chapter 11 relief instead of the Transferor.[7]

                                The ethos behind the exception is:

                                To find "bad faith" here would be tantamount to saying that it would be preferable to wreck [the Transferor and] obtain for [the Creditor] a similar, if not identical, disposition that is obtainable here, and would further award [the Creditor] a substantial windfall of property equity.[8]

                                We aren't suggesting filing Chapter 11 cases with questionable bona fides. However, you may meet a problem warranting this out-of-the-box thinking. It's worked for our clients. Pass it on.

                                ________________________________________________________________

                                [1] This is akin to what should have been done before the venture or asset purchase. It should have been owned by a separate entity of affiliate. That's another day's discussion.

                                [2] In re Brookdale Gardens Ass'n, Inc., 2010 WL 2015264, at *6(Bankr. D.N.J), citing, In re C-TC 9th Ave. P'ship, 113 F.3d 1304, 1310(2d Cir.1997)( It has been well established that good faith is an implied jurisdictional requirement for filing a Chapter 11 case.)

                                [3] In re Canyon Holdings, LLC Series, 2011 WL 3679056, at *13 (Bankr.D. Mont.).

                                [4] See, In re N.R. Guaranteed Retirement, Inc., 112 B.R. 263, 278 (Bankr. N.D.Ill.1990). 22 B.R. 597, 599 (Bankr. N.D.Ca. 1982).

                                [5] 22 B.R. 597, 599 (Bankr. N.D.Ca. 1982).

                                [6] See, 11 U.S.C. §§ 361 and 363.

                                [7] In re N.R. Guaranteed Retirement, Inc., 112 B.R. at 278. 

                                [8] In re Beach Club, Inc., 22 B.R. at 600.

                                © 2019 Wayne Greenwald.

                                Wayne M. Greenwald

                                Wayne M. Greenwald
                                Phone: 212-983-1922 & 888-496-1553 (Toll Free)
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